Rosacea is a skin condition that most commonly affects individuals aged 30 to 60. It occurs more frequently in females and individuals with fair skin, blue eyes or Celtic origin. It often presents as facial redness, which is usually intermittent at first, but over time can become fixed.
One of the main difficulties when facing rosacea is that the exact cause of it is unknown. It seems to develop due to a complex interplay between genetic, environmental, inflammatory and vascular factors.
There are several recommendations for people dealing with this skin condition.
1. Look for facial washes, cleansers and moisturizers designed specifically for sensitive skin, because individuals with rosacea tend to have extremely sensitive skin. The products you use should ideally be fragrance-free. Avoid harsh exfoliators, toners, astringents and other known triggers. Certain ingredients in skincare, like alcohol, retinoids, witch hazel, menthol, fragrance and eucalyptus oil, can worsen rosacea. Always test a patch of your skin before applying products to your face.
2. Make sure you have cleansed and moisturized your skin before camouflaging rosacea with make-up. You can also apply a redness-reducing treatment to help the skin cool off. You should avoid excessive rubbing when you apply your base and try not to use rich and heavy formulas.
3. It’s extremely important to use sunscreen daily to help manage your rosacea, as UV radiation is one of the common triggers of rosacea flare-ups. Ideally an SPF of 50, that provides broad-spectrum, UVA and UVB protection, should be worn. Sunscreens containing physical blockers such as zinc and titanium dioxide are less likely to aggravate rosacea-prone skin than chemical blockers such as avobenzones and benzophenones.
4. Steam-rooms and saunas should be avoided, as they heat up the skin and may result in a flare up.
5. Rosacea sufferers often have sensitive skin, so chemical peels may cause irritation as they exfoliate the skin.
If you suspect you may have rosacea, you should see a dermatologist as soon as possible for a definitive diagnosis and appropriate medical care before the the condition becomes severe.